Co-occurring disorders or dual diagnosis is more common than people generally assume. According to a report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), nearly 17. 5 million People in america over the age of 18 have had serious mental health disorder in the past year, of which about 4 million people also struggled with a co-occurring drug or even alcohol dependency.
It has been observed the number of patients in drug rehabilitation centers seeking simultaneous help for dependancy issues and a co-occurring mental problem has gone up from 12 % to 16 percent in a period of six years. Here, we list some pertinent facts about double diagnosis that would help patients be familiar with condition better and initiate required steps while seeking treatment:
What exactly is dual diagnosis?
It is an scenario when a person is diagnosed with both a substance use disorder, such as alcoholic beverages use disorder, along with a mental health condition, such as depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, and so forth The co-occurring complications make the analysis and treatment difficult for dual diagnosis patients.
Dual diagnosis frequently occurs
More than one-fourth of mental illness patients also suffer from a chemical use problem. A majority of mental individuals suffering from illnesses like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder also have a substance abuse issue. The lifetime prevalence of double diagnosis in schizophrenia patients can be 47 percent, while it is 56 percent for those suffering from bipolar disorder.
A few mental conditions more prevalent in double diagnosis patients
Of all the mental conditions, there are some specific ones that are more prevalent in dual diagnosis. Patients struggling with depression, anxiety disorder, personality disorder, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) plus eating disorders are more likely to have a drug abuse disorder also. In fact , people with schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder possess the highest rates of comorbidity with substance abuse. For example , schizophrenia patients have a higher propensity to use stimulants for example nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine, and cannabis. Similarly, there is a higher prevalence associated with alcohol abuse among patients suffering from depression and anxiety.
Difficult to tell the substance abuse problem from a mental condition
Although substance abuse-induced symptoms are usually somewhat different from those of an independent mental disorder, at times, it is difficult to distinguish them. Hence, diagnosing them is pivotal to the right treatment and faster recovery. Since these symptoms are a direct result of the substance use, they can be treated more quickly by stopping the substance.
Dual diagnosis is really a two-way street
It is a two-way street as substance abuse can cause mental problem and vice-versa. For example , a person struggling with a mental condition may use the substance for self-medication and, in turn, can grow dependent on it. Likewise, when a mentally healthy person starts abusing any substance, it may affect the chemical balance of the brain, which over time can create, worsen or unearth any serious mental disorder.
Aspects leading to dual diagnosis
There are a few important factors that trigger a simultaneous development of a mental condition and a substance use disorder. They are:
Genes: It is the genes that affect the way the substance interacts with the brain plus body of an individual.
Personality: Someone¡¯s attitude and personality traits also largely govern the prevalence associated with dual diagnosis.
Brain chemistry: Human brain chemical dopamine is largely affected by the mental condition and a substance abuse problem. Any changes in the dopamine level because of prevalence of one may trigger the other.
Proper diagnosis is vital to the treatment and long-term recuperation in dual diagnosis. Hence, be it a mental condition or a substance abuse problem, seeking early treatment will certainly prevent the conditions from exacerbating
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